vinyl chloride effects on humans

  • Effect of ethanol on vinyl chloride …

    Four treatment groups (80 male Sprague-Dawley rats/group) were used in a 2 X 2 factorial design: inhalation of 600 ppm vinyl chloride (VC) 4 hr/day, 5 days/week for 1 year; VC and ingestion of 5% ethanol in water (v/v); filtered air and ethanol; filtered air. Ingestion of ethanol was begun 4 weeks prior to inhalation of VC and continued for life or termination of the study at two and one-half ...

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  • How Vinyl Chloride in Cigarettes Can Hurt You

    Vinyl chloride itself typically leaves the body within a day via the urine, but the substances produced in the liver take longer to exit the body. Some of them are more hazardous to human health than vinyl chloride because they react with chemicals normally present in the body and change how they are used/responded to physiologically.

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  • Vinyl Chloride - WHO - OMS

    Vinyl chloride is rapidly volatilized and removed from surface water and soil, but is not easily biodegraded. Evidence suggests some bioaccumulation within the food chain, but no biomagnification. Concerning human exposure, the report concludes that atmospheric concentrations in ambient air are low, resulting in very little exposure of the general population. Much higher concentrations have ...

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  • Vinyl chloride (PIM 558) - inchem.org

    The residual vinyl chloride content in polymers in contact with food should be limited to:-5 ppb in vinyl chloride mono- or co-polymer films and coatings, and plasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bottles;-10 ppb in rigid PVC;-50 ppb in water-pipes and vinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer films. 7.3 Carcinogenicity According to IARC, vinyl chloride is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1 ...

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  • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): Your Environment, Your …

    31.05.2017· What is Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)? Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a solid plastic material made from vinyl chloride. It is made softer and more flexible by the addition of phthalates, and can contain traces of chemicals like bisphenol A (BPA).. PVC is used to make pipes, polyvinyl flooring and siding, hoses, cable coatings, medical devices, and plumbing and automotive parts.

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  • Vinyl chloride exposure | World Problems & …

    There are no satisfactory tests to determine vinyl chloride exposure. Studies designed to determine if the low levels of vinyl chloride measured in outside air, drinking water, or food could cause harmful effects in humans have not been performed. However, vinyl chloride is a known carcinogen.

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  • FACT SHEET: ATSDR PUBLIC HEALTH STATEMENT ON VINYL CHLORIDE

    predict effects in humans. Vinyl chloride is regarded worldwid aes a chemical that causes cancer in humans, but exposure levels necessary to cause cancer in humans are not known. Th Environmentae l Protection Agenc thereforey (EPA) use, ,d available dat ian animals to estimate that breathing air containing 1 ppm . Vinyl Chloride -3 . vinyl chloride every day for 70 years may place as many as ...

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  • FACT SHEET: ATSDR PUBLIC HEALTH STATEMENT ON VINYL CHLORIDE

    predict effects in humans. Vinyl chloride is regarded worldwid aes a chemical that causes cancer in humans, but exposure levels necessary to cause cancer in humans are not known. Th Environmentae l Protection Agenc thereforey (EPA) use, ,d available dat ian animals to estimate that breathing air containing 1 ppm . Vinyl Chloride -3 . vinyl chloride every day for 70 years may place as many as ...

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  • ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Vinyl Chloride

    03.03.2011· Vinyl Chloride CAS ID #: 75-01-4 Affected Organ Systems: Cardiovascular (Heart and Blood Vessels), Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing) , Hepatic (Liver), Immunological (Immune System) Cancer Classification: EPA: Known human carcinogen. IARC: Carcinogenic to humans . NTP: Known to be a human carcinogen

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  • Vinyl Chloride - WHO - OMS

    Vinyl chloride is rapidly volatilized and removed from surface water and soil, but is not easily biodegraded. Evidence suggests some bioaccumulation within the food chain, but no biomagnification. Concerning human exposure, the report concludes that atmospheric concentrations in ambient air are low, resulting in very little exposure of the general population. Much higher concentrations have ...

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  • Vinyl Chloride - Cancer-Causing Substances - …

    Learn about vinyl chloride, which can raise the risk of a rare form of liver cancer, as well as brain and lung cancers, and leukemia and lymphoma. Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make PVC, a substance used in products such as pipes.

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  • Vinyl chloride — toxicity, side effects, diseases …

    Vinyl chloride has been found to cause a lot of side effects on humans. One of these is its carcinogenic effect on humans. Studies have shown that it can cause or increase the risk of a rare form of liver cancer known as angiosarcoma. It also increases the risk of other forms of cancers such as brain and lung cancers, lymphoma, and leukemia. Short-term exposure to the chemical also caused side ...

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  • Vinyl Chloride Exposure & Occupational Cancer …

    Vinyl chloride is a widely used chemical, most well-known as a material in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. It has been used for many years in a variety of other commercial and industrial products, though recent studies have concluded that it is highly toxic, and linked to several serious illnesses, including cancer.

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  • WHO | Environmental Health Criteria 215: Vinyl …

    Chapter 8 - Effects on humans. Part IV pdf, 815kb; Chapter 9 - Effects on other organisms in the laboratory and field Chapter 10 - Evaluation of human health risks and effects on the environment Chapter 11 - Recommendations for protection of human health Chapter 12 - Further research Chapter 13 - Previous evaluations by international bodies References Annex 1. - Regulations concerning vinyl ...

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  • Vinyl chloride: health effects, exposure limitations ...

    Acute Effects [of exposure to vinyl chloride]: Acute exposure of humans to high levels of vinyl chloride via inhalation in humans has resulted in effects on the CNS, such as dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, and giddiness. (1,2) Vinyl chloride is reported to be slightly irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract in humans…

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